Difference between revisions of "Phil Bendle Collection:Zizania latifolia (Manchurian rice grass)"

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Revision as of 13:36, 31 July 2019

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Ehrhartoideae
Tribe: Oryzeae
Genus: Zizania
Species: Z. latifolia
Binomial name: Zizania latifolia
Synonyms: Hydropyrum latifolium, Zizania caduciflora
Common names: Manchurian rice grass, Wild bamboo, Manchurian wild rice

Zizania latifolia is a large semi-aquatic grass from China that has run rampant on riverbanks, ditches in parts of the North Island from Northland to the Kapiti Coast. It is abundant on the margins of Northern Wairoa River in Northland.

It is tall rhizomatous, perennial, grass that grows up to 3 m tall. It has long, straight, light to dull green leaves that grow in fans. The leaves are 2- 3 cm wide and up to 2.5 m long and have a stout midrib and taper to a point. During November, December it develops a reddish-brown flower head that is 40- 60 cm long. Established plants spread by long, stout rhizomes and form densely impenetrable swards. The seeds are spread by water or by drainage machinery.

Zizania latifolia is real problem plant because it replaces all other species. It also causes silt to accumulate causing flooding which destroys aquatic flora and fauna habitats. 
Any suspected new sightings should be reported immediately by contacting
MAF Biosecurity New Zealand on 0800 80 99 66

NIWA’s interesting web page on Manchurian wild rice:  https://www.niwa.co.nz/aquatic-biodiversity-and-biosecurity/update/issue-05-2003/stopping-the-freshwater-wild-rice-invader


Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/