Difference between revisions of "Phil Bendle Collection:Lycium ferocissimum (Boxthorn)"

(Imported from text file)
 
Line 16: Line 16:
  
 
[[File:Skull and crossbones1.jpg|frameless|upright 2.25]]  This plant is poisonous<br />
 
[[File:Skull and crossbones1.jpg|frameless|upright 2.25]]  This plant is poisonous<br />
Visit [[friends-of-te-henui-group/plants-toxic-if-eaten-by-man.html|http://www.terrain.net.nz/friends-of-te-henui-group/plants-toxic-if-eaten-by-man.html]]
+
Visit [[Phil Bendle Collection:Poisonous Plants in New Zealand]]
  
 
Lycium ferocissimum is a shrub in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). The species is native to Cape Province and Orange Free State in South Africa and has become naturalised in Australia and New Zealand in 1897<br />
 
Lycium ferocissimum is a shrub in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). The species is native to Cape Province and Orange Free State in South Africa and has become naturalised in Australia and New Zealand in 1897<br />

Latest revision as of 02:30, 12 February 2020

Kingdom: Plantae
(Unranked): Angiosperms
(Unranked): Eudicots
(Unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Tribe: Lycieae
Genus: Lycium
Species: L. ferocissimum
Binomial name: Lycium ferocissimum.  The Latin name ferocissimum means "extremely ferocious".
Common name: African Boxthorn or Boxthorn.

Skull and crossbones1.jpg  This plant is poisonous
Visit Phil Bendle Collection:Poisonous Plants in New Zealand

Lycium ferocissimum is a shrub in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). The species is native to Cape Province and Orange Free State in South Africa and has become naturalised in Australia and New Zealand in 1897

Boxthorn is assessed at “1” on the infestation curve.

African Boxthorn is a large densely-branched, erect, woody, evergreen perennial shrub which grows up to 5 metres high and is covered in spines. The leaves are green, oval in shape and are 10 to 40 mm long and 4 to 10 mm in width. The solitary flowers emerge from the leaf axils. The flowers are white or pale mauve and are followed by 10 millimetre wide orange-red berries. Flowering occurs July, August, September, October, November, December, January, February and March. The berries are produced freely and distributed by birds but can be poisonous. It has strong spines at the tips of the branches.

The plant has been used for hedges and shelter in coastal areas, as it tolerates salt-spray and trimming. It is a very common hedge on farms in South Taranaki.

Boxthorn invades sand dunes and coastal environments and can exclude all other species. It forms dense, thorny barriers which harbour vermin. The leaves are suspected to be poisonous, and the extremely sharp, stiff and numerous spines can injure stock and people. Boxthorn provides a threat to extensively managed land and waste spaces, especially where rainfall is light. It is capable of invading both production land and indigenous shrubland.

Boxthorn was once an icon of Taranaki.
Read its history   "Prickles and all - Taranaki Boxthorn"   http://www.pukeariki.com/Research/TaranakiStories/TaranakiStory/id/482/title/prickles-and-all-taranaki-boxthorn.aspx   

Lycium ferocissimum African bocthorn 1 .JPG  

Lycium ferocissimum African bocthorn 2 .JPG 

Lycium ferocissimum African bocthorn 3 .JPG


Lycium ferocissimum boxthorn-1.JPG

Lycium ferocissimum boxthorn.JPG


The ripe orange berry of Lycium ferocissimum
Lycium ferocissimum boxthorn-3.JPG

Lycium ferocissimum Boxthorn -1.JPG

Lycium ferocissimum Boxthorn -2.JPG

The very sharp thorns of Lycium ferocissimum.
Lycium ferocissimum Boxthorn -5.JPG

The oval leaves of Lycium ferocissimum.
Lycium ferocissimum Boxthorn -7.JPG  

Lycium ferocissimum African bocthorn 4 .JPG 

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/