Difference between revisions of "Phil Bendle Collection:Hypericum androsaemum (Tutsan)"

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This plant is poisonous<br />
 
This plant is poisonous<br />
Visit [[friends-of-te-henui-group/plants-toxic-if-eaten-by-man.html|http://www.terrain.net.nz/friends-of-te-henui-group/plants-toxic-if-eaten-by-man.html]]
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Visit [[Phil Bendle Collection:Poisonous Plants in New Zealand]]
  
 
Hypericum androsaemum (Tutsan) is a native to open woods and hillsides in Eurasia. It is a semi-woody, semi-evergreen, perennial shrub that grows up to 1.5m tall. All parts of the shrub are hairless. The leaves are stalkless, broad and oval up to 10cm long and 5cm wide. Stems are semi-woody, winged and often reddish. Flowers occur between November and February, are yellow, up to 25mm in diameter with 5 petals and long stamens. They occur in clusters of 2-8 flowers. Berries are fleshy, approx 1cm in diameter and change from red to black as they ripen.
 
Hypericum androsaemum (Tutsan) is a native to open woods and hillsides in Eurasia. It is a semi-woody, semi-evergreen, perennial shrub that grows up to 1.5m tall. All parts of the shrub are hairless. The leaves are stalkless, broad and oval up to 10cm long and 5cm wide. Stems are semi-woody, winged and often reddish. Flowers occur between November and February, are yellow, up to 25mm in diameter with 5 petals and long stamens. They occur in clusters of 2-8 flowers. Berries are fleshy, approx 1cm in diameter and change from red to black as they ripen.

Latest revision as of 02:26, 12 February 2020

Kingdom: Plantae
(Unranked): Angiosperms
(Unranked): Eudicots
(Unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Genus: Hypericum
Family: Hypericaceae
Species: H. androsaemum
Binomial name: Hypericum androsaemum
Common names: Tutsan, Sweet amber.

Skull and crossbones1.jpg
This plant is poisonous
Visit Phil Bendle Collection:Poisonous Plants in New Zealand

Hypericum androsaemum (Tutsan) is a native to open woods and hillsides in Eurasia. It is a semi-woody, semi-evergreen, perennial shrub that grows up to 1.5m tall. All parts of the shrub are hairless. The leaves are stalkless, broad and oval up to 10cm long and 5cm wide. Stems are semi-woody, winged and often reddish. Flowers occur between November and February, are yellow, up to 25mm in diameter with 5 petals and long stamens. They occur in clusters of 2-8 flowers. Berries are fleshy, approx 1cm in diameter and change from red to black as they ripen.

Tutsan is often seen in bush remnants and plantations throughout NZ. Although not as poisonous as some other Hypericum species, such as the well-known St. John's Wort (H. perforatum), the black berries should not be eaten as they are poisonous.

New Zealand tutsan was recognised as a pasture weed as early as 1955. Biological control methods were investigated about 60 years ago. In 2008 Landcare Research began investigating the feasibility of a biological control. see http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/publications/newsletters/weeds/wtsnew49.pdf
It does not usually invade improved pastures, but is common in run-down pastures and in native forests. When established, tutsan can be dangerous because it is very difficult to remove and is very unpalatable to introduced herbivores.

Photographed late February with leaves turning red.
Hypericum androsaemum.JPG

Tutsan Hypericum androsaemum-12.JPG

Tutsan Hypericum androsaemum-13.JPG

Tutsan Hypericum androsaemum-11.JPG

Ripe berries.
Hypericum androsaemum-001.JPG

Leaves turning red.late February.
Hypericum androsaemum-002.JPG

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/