Difference between revisions of "Phil Bendle Collection:Cytisus scoparius (Common Broom)"

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[[File:Skull and crossbones1.jpg|frameless|upright 2.25]]  This plant is poisonous<br />
 
[[File:Skull and crossbones1.jpg|frameless|upright 2.25]]  This plant is poisonous<br />
Visit [[friends-of-te-henui-group/plants-toxic-if-eaten-by-man.html|http://www.terrain.net.nz/friends-of-te-henui-group/plants-toxic-if-eaten-by-man.html]]
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Visit [[Phil Bendle Collection:Poisonous Plants in New Zealand]]
  
 
Cytisus scoparius syn. Sarothamnus scoparius is a perennial, leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe, where it is found in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils at low altitudes. In some places outside of its native range, it has become an ecologically damaging invasive species. <br />
 
Cytisus scoparius syn. Sarothamnus scoparius is a perennial, leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe, where it is found in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils at low altitudes. In some places outside of its native range, it has become an ecologically damaging invasive species. <br />

Latest revision as of 02:26, 12 February 2020

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Cytisus
Species: C. scoparius
Binomial name: Cytisus scoparius
Common name: Common Broom, Scottish broom, English broom

Skull and crossbones1.jpg  This plant is poisonous
Visit Phil Bendle Collection:Poisonous Plants in New Zealand

Cytisus scoparius syn. Sarothamnus scoparius is a perennial, leguminous shrub native to western and central Europe, where it is found in sunny sites, usually on dry, sandy soils at low altitudes. In some places outside of its native range, it has become an ecologically damaging invasive species. 
It typically grows to 1- 3m tall, rarely 4 m, with main stems up to 5 cm thick, rarely 10 cm. It has green shoots with small deciduous trifoliate leaves 5–15 mm long, and in spring and summer is covered in profuse golden yellow flowers 20–30 mm from top to bottom and 15–20 mm wide. Flowering occurs after 50-80 growing degree days. In late summer, its legumes (seed pods) mature black, 2–3 cm long, 8 mm broad and 2–3 mm thick; they burst open, often with an audible crack, forcibly throwing seed from the parent plant.
It is the hardiest species of broom, tolerating temperatures down to about -25°C. Cytisus scoparius contains toxic alkaloids and that depress the heart and nervous system.
The small, pea-like flowers of broom (Cytisus) are most often seen in yellow. But they also come in cream, orange or red, or a mixture of red and yellow. The branches are covered in these bright flowers.

Invasive broom on wasteland south of Blenheim South Island. November. 
Common broom Cytisus scoparius.-018.JPG

October
Cytisus scoparius Broom.JPG

Cytisus scoparius colonising a roadside mid-Canterbury.  Photo February.
Cytisus scoparius Broom-002.JPG

Cytisus scoparius late February Canterbury with no flowers.
Cytisus scoparius Broom.JPG

Cytisus scoparius flower
Common broom Cytisus scoparius..JPG

Cytisus scoparius Broom-001.JPG

Common broom Cytisus scoparius.-002.JPG

New seed pods early November
Common broom Cytisus scoparius.-009.JPG

Late December
1-1-Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius-006.JPG

Ripening seed pods January
1-Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius-003.JPG

Seed pods AprilCytisus scoparius Common broom-5.JPG


Common broom Cytisus scoparius.-007.JPG

Broom flowers (red and yellow hybrid type)Broom red yellow hybrid Cytisus scoparius-1.JPG

Broom flowers (white and yellow hybrid type)Broom white yellow hybrid Cytisus scoparius-25.JPG

Broom flowers ( Cream and red hybrid type)Broom cream red hybrid Cytisus scoparius-26.JPG

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/